Alternate energy: How can it shape the vibrant future of India?

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India has set an ambitious target to become energy independent by 2047 and achieve Net Zero status by 2070. The Government of India is committed to set up 50% of cumulative power generation from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030. At COP26, made five commitments or Panchamrit to achieve its target to become carbon neutral.

Since the Paris Agreement in 2015, India has committed to reduce its emissions intensity by 33–35% by 2030. India's renewable energy capacity has steadily increased, bolstered by various government initiatives promoting renewable energy, with an ambitious goal to hit 175GW of green energy capacity by 2022. Predominantly driven by solar and wind energy, the surge in green energy has positioned India as one of the global frontrunners in the renewable energy sector. The country has also adopted strategic approaches towards energy efficiency.

Despite these significant strides, the journey to net zero is fraught with challenges. India grapples with its substantial dependency on coal, which remains its primary energy source. Decisive action is needed to balance this high-carbon resource with a more sustainable, clean energy portfolio. The Government of India plans to gradually reduce reliance on coal and increase the use of clean fuels such as renewable energy sources and natural gas.

India is the world’s third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases and has pledged to reach net-zero emissions by 2070. Alternative energy is central to achieving this ambitious goal. Sources such as, solar and wind power, hydropower and biomass, and emerging alternative energy sources will play a pivotal role in decarbonising India's energy landscape.